To put it simply, the ideal blood sugar level is the level at which it is high enough for your body to function properly, but not so high that it is damaged by the sugar floating around in the blood. Now, there are a lot of numbers that are thrown around when it comes to determining what exactly ideal blood sugar levels are. This is due to the fact that what constitutes an ideal blood sugar level is going to change somewhat throughout the day. The purpose of this article is to break everything down for you to make understanding ideal blood glucose levels is as simple as possible.
Upon Waking Up
Having a normal glucose level in blood upon waking up in the morning is important because it is one of the primary methods by which doctors diagnose someone as having diabetes. This is commonly referred to as a fasting blood glucose test, and it occurs eight to fourteen hours after eating, during which nothing but water has been consumed.
Two Hours After Eating
Whenever you eat something, your body immediately goes to work breaking down that food and metabolizing it into the parts and energy your body needs to live. During this time, the carbohydrates and sugars found in food will enter the bloodstream, resulting in what can easily be less than ideal blood sugar levels if you do not control your diet carefully. This is what is known as the postprandial blood glucose test.
Random Blood Glucose Test
The random blood glucose test is exactly what it sounds like. It is a reading taken at a random time during the day with little regard to when you have eaten or what your activity levels have been, so long as it takes place after what would normally be a postprandial test.
HA1C Blood Sugar Test
The HA1C blood glucose test allows your doctor to measure the average of your blood sugar levels over the past three months, and is a more effective means of diagnosing diabetes than a random test.
As you can see, the ideal blood sugar level varies somewhat throughout the day, depending on when you eat. It is important to keep these numbers in mind during your daily monitoring because maintaining ideal blood glucose levels is the key to the successful management of diabetes and the prevention of possible future complications, such as blindness or renal failure.
The numbers found here are somewhat tighter than what may be recommended by doctors or the American Diabetes Association and adhering to them is going to be more difficult, but keeping your blood sugar levels normal will allow you to live longer, better, and experience good health for a longer time.